_ENGLISH LANGUAGE_

Engleski jezik i knjizevnost

15.04.2008.

Prezent perfekt-PREZENT PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE

pomoćni glagol "to have" + past particip glavnog glagola

Present perfectom se izražava povezanost između prošlosti i sadašnjosti, tačno vrijeme dešavanja radnje nije naznačeno, što znači da smo više zainteresirani za rezultat radnje nego za samu radnju.
Kada bi smo rekli kada se radnja odvija morali bismo upotrijebiti preterit (past simple tense).

Present perfect se koristi:

  • da se opiše radnja ili stanje koje je počelo u prošlosti i nastavlja se u sadašnjosti:
    This website has been in existence for 4 years, 9 months, and 23 days. (ova stranica postoji već...);


  • I have lived in Sarajevo since 1970. (živim u Sarajevu od 1970-te, i još uvijek živim);

  • da se izrazi radnja koja je završena u vremenskom periodu koji još traje:
    I have been to Zagreb this week. (ove nedjelje sam putovao u Zagreb, sedmica još nije završena);

  • da se označi radnja koja je završena nekad u prošlosti, ali je rezultat radnje važan:
    I have buoght a car. (kupio sam auto, važno je da je auto kupljen, nije bitno kada);
  • uz priloge koji označavaju neprekidan razmak vremena: ever, never, yet, already, since, for:
    Have you ever been to Bosnia? (jeste li ikada bili u Bosni?);

  • da se izrazi radnja koja se upravo dogodila (uz priloge "just'' ili ''just now''):
    The guests have just entered the hall. (gosti su upravo ušli u dvoranu).

 

Amerikanci ne koriste present perfect toliko kao Britanci. Amerikanci češće
upotrebljavaju past tense umjesto present perfect-a. Amerikanac bi rekao:

"Did you have lunch?", dok bi Britanac rekao: "Have you had lunch?".



to call - zvati

I have called (ja sam zvao) I haven't called have I called?
you have called you haven't called have you called?
he, she, it has called he, she, it hasn't called have he, she, it called?
we have called we haven't called have we called?
you have called you haven't called have you called?
they have called they haven't called have they called?
_ENGLISH LANGUAGE_
<< 04/2008 >>
nedponutosricetpetsub
0102030405
06070809101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930

>>>My web sites>>>

Laugh,laughing.... :-)
1.Father: Why did you get such a low score in that test?
Son: Absence
Father: You were absent on the day of the test?
Son: No, but the boy who sits next to me was!

2.Teacher: Your poem is the worst in the class. It's not only ungrammatical, it's rude and in bad taste. I'm going to send your father a note about it.
Pupil: I don't think that would help, teacher. He wrote it.

3.A kangaroo kept getting out of his enclosure at the zoo. Knowing that he could
hop high, the zoo officials put up a ten-foot fence. He was out the next morning,
just roaming around the zoo. A twenty-foot fence was put up. Again he go out.
When the fence was forty feet high, a camel in the next enclosure asked
the kangaroo, "How high do you think they'll go?"
The kangaroo said, "About a thousand feet, unless somebody locks the gate at night!"

4.Teacher: "Sam, what is the outside of a tree called?"
Sam: "I don’t know."
Teacher: "Bark, Sam, bark."
Sam: "Bow, wow, wow!"

5.Teacher: Why are you late, Joseph?
Joseph: Because of a sign down the road.
Teacher: What does a sign have to do with your being late?
Joseph: The sign said, "School Ahead, Go Slow!"

6.Teacher: How do you spell "dog"?
Pupil: d, o, g, enter.
































Napravi DOBRO.ba!

MOJI FAVORITI

BROJAČ POSJETA
30336

Powered by Blogger.ba