_ENGLISH LANGUAGE_

Engleski jezik i knjizevnost

25.04.2008.

Pluskvamperfekat (davno prošlo vrijeme) - THE PAST PERFECT TENSE

subjekat + simple past od "to have" + past particip glavnog glagola

U odričnim rečenicama ubacujemo rječicu not između pomoćnog i glavnog glagola, a upitnu rečenicu pravimo zamjenom subjekta i pomoćnog glagola.

Past Perfect Tense (pluperfekt) se upotrebljava:

a) da bi se izrazila radnja u prošlosti koja se desila prije neke druge radnje u prošlosti, također izražava radnju za koje se pretpostavljalo da je trebalo da se dogodi u prošlosti - prije neke druge radnje:

  • We had left home before he came. (bili smo otišli prije nego što je on došao)
  • The train left at 9am. We arrived at 9.15am. The train had left when we arrived.
    (voz je krenuo u 9 sati. Mi smo stigli u 9 i 15. Voz je bio otišao kada smo mi stigli.)
The train had left when we arrived.

past

present

future

Voz odlazi u 9 sati.
 
 
9

9.15

 
 
Mi stižemo u 9 i 15.
 
 

  • I was not hungry. I had just eaten. (nisam bio gladan, upravo sam bio jeo)
  • I didn't know who he was. I had never seen him before. (nisam znao ko je on, nisam ga nikad bio vidio)
  • He said that he had seen him at the theatre. (rekao je da ga je bio vidio kod pozorišta).
    U ovom primjeru past perfect je upotrebljen u indirektnom govoru umjesto past simple u direktnom.

b) u zavisnim rečenicama uz after:
He got a headache after he had washed his hair. (dobio je glavobolju nakon što je oprao kosu);

c) iza izraza: as if (kao da), if only (kad bi barem), I wish (kamo sreće da), past
perfectom se izražava nešto što nije ostvareno u prošlosti:

I wish I had met you before. (kamo sreće da sam te ranije sreo)
If only you had sent me the SMS. (da si mi barem poslala SMS)
He played the basketball as if he had played in NBA. (igrao je košarku kao da je igrao u NBA)

 

to call - zvati


I had called I had not called had I called?
you had called you had not called had you called?
he, she, it had called he, she, it had called had he, she, it called?
we had called we had called had we called?
you had called you had called had you called?
they had called they had called had they called?
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Laugh,laughing.... :-)
1.Father: Why did you get such a low score in that test?
Son: Absence
Father: You were absent on the day of the test?
Son: No, but the boy who sits next to me was!

2.Teacher: Your poem is the worst in the class. It's not only ungrammatical, it's rude and in bad taste. I'm going to send your father a note about it.
Pupil: I don't think that would help, teacher. He wrote it.

3.A kangaroo kept getting out of his enclosure at the zoo. Knowing that he could
hop high, the zoo officials put up a ten-foot fence. He was out the next morning,
just roaming around the zoo. A twenty-foot fence was put up. Again he go out.
When the fence was forty feet high, a camel in the next enclosure asked
the kangaroo, "How high do you think they'll go?"
The kangaroo said, "About a thousand feet, unless somebody locks the gate at night!"

4.Teacher: "Sam, what is the outside of a tree called?"
Sam: "I don’t know."
Teacher: "Bark, Sam, bark."
Sam: "Bow, wow, wow!"

5.Teacher: Why are you late, Joseph?
Joseph: Because of a sign down the road.
Teacher: What does a sign have to do with your being late?
Joseph: The sign said, "School Ahead, Go Slow!"

6.Teacher: How do you spell "dog"?
Pupil: d, o, g, enter.
































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